4 Most Basic Concepts About Websites and The Internet

4 Most Basic Concepts About Websites and The Internet

You are currently viewing 4 Most Basic Concepts About Websites and The Internet

With the internet becoming more faster and usable day by day, websites begin to more popular and interact with billions of users. We all know that the Web development niche is a vast subject, today we are going to explain, four most basic things about a website anyone should know, whether you’re a web development beginner or a common web user. These facts will help you to understand how a website stored within the internet and gives a user experience to its users.

Within this article we are going to discuss the most common and simple concepts about a website and also the internet.

  • Domain
  • Web Hosting
  • HTTP
  • HTTPS

Domain

One of the most important part of a website is the Domain or Domain name of the website. It is important for both web owners and users. Let’s understand what a domain name and what’s it use for with an example.

Think that you are going to build and open a new shop. So, that shop is basically the website. To get new customers to your new shop (which is your website), you need an address for your shop. This is where the domain name comes in. A domain name serves as an address to your website, same as the address of your shop will guide customers to your shop. Your domain name guides users to your own website. So, this is the purpose and the basic concept of a domain name.

Domain name guides users to your website
Domain name guides users to your website

Web Hosting

Next, we come to Web Hosting. Web hosting is important to a website same as the domain name. Let’s get the same example from our Domain explanation part. You have a new shop and its’ address (which is the website and its’ domain name).

Also to keep and build that shop, you will need to buy land, and that land will be your web hosting. Like you build your shop on the land you bought, your website will store on the web Hosting you bought from a hosting provider. And that is the purpose of web hosting.

Your website will store on the web hosting you bought from a hosting provider
Your website will store on the web hosting you bought from a hosting provider

Also, there are some major benefits of web hosting for the web owners.

You don’t have to worry about backups, updates and other things

As a web owner you don’t have to worry about things like updates or backups by yourself. When you bought a web hosting, the hosting provider will work on backups and server updates. 

Minimum (almost no) website crashing

When you using web hosting, since hosting providers will make sure to run their servers without any problems or downs, you can expect minimum (almost no) website crashing.

You can choose different hosting options according to your website purpose

There are several types of Web Hosting for different websites. Some of the most popular web hosting are Dedicated Hosting, Shared hosting and WordPress Hosting. Web owners can choose their hosting type according to the size and purpose of their website.

Shared Hosting – web owners and their websites share resources with other accounts on that server. This hosting type is one of the cheapest hosting types available in the online market. Beginners can use these shared hosting to try their website performance.

Shared Hosting - web owners and their websites share resources with other accounts on that server.
Shared Hosting – web owners and their websites share resources with other accounts on that server.

Dedicated Hosting In Dedicated Hosting web owner can buy an entire physical server for his/her own website. Web owners can control the software, hardware and etc. Also, in Dedicated Hosting web owners did not have to share resources with anyone else.

And there is a hosting type called WordPress Hosting. These are specially designed and maintained for websites which are developed with WordPress.

Can improve website security

Today almost all web hosting providers provide security for their websites. So, web owners can keep their websites secure from Cyber Threats such as malware and virus attacks.

HTTP and HTTPS

Next, we are going to discuss the most common concept used on the internet. HTTP or (http). First let’s understand what is http.

HTTP

What is http? HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. HTTP is a protocol used in the internet. Also, HTTP is the most widely used protocol in the internet.

This is the protocol used to view websites in the internet. While http is different from https (we will talk about https in a little bit), in http all information exchange as clear texts. So, all the information exchange through the user computer and web server will expose as clear texts to the whole public internet.

At that moment your information is vulnerable to cyber threats, such as hackers.

This will not be a big problem if you are just checking out websites and not sharing sensitive data like Phone numbers, Address, Credit card details through the internet or web servers.

But if you are sharing personal data with a web server, as mentioned before that information will exchange through the public internet /http layer.

Since all data exchange as clear texts through http, some unknown third parties can access to that data too. Specially, to hackers and other cyber threats. So, your personal data can be exposed to some unknown cyber hackers due to the http information exchanging method.

And this was the main problem with the http. As a solution to this problem https was developed.

HTTPS

HTTPS stands for - Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure
HTTPS stands for – Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure

HTPPS: Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol or Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. This is the secured version of http

How https work?

Https encrypts the data retrieved by http. Basically, https ensure that everything transferred through the internet (between user devices and the webserver) is secured.

What is the difference between http & https?

The difference between the two is https uses TLS or SSL to encrypt the data retrieved by http, while back in the time http just exchange the information as clear texts. So, https is more secure than http.

https uses TLS or SSL to encrypt the data retrieved by http
https uses TLS or SSL to encrypt the data retrieved by http

Specially today almost all websites are secured by https. So, users can share sensitive data like Password, Name, Address without a problem.

https is more secure than http. So, users can share sensitive data without a problem
https is more secure than http. So, users can share sensitive data without a problem

Because https sends all data in unreadable forms, unknown third parties cannot identify or retrieve that personal data.

As mentioned before, today all websites use https by default, whether sensitive data share or not. Also, now Google gives a notification to a user, if he or she visits a site that does not use SSL/TLS protection.

Google gives a notification to users, if they visit a site that does not us SSL,TLS protection
Google gives a notification to users, if they visit a site that does not use SSL/TLS protection

So, these are the most common and basic concepts about websites and their background anyone should learn. Hope you might learn some new things about the internet, websites and how they work. Stay in touch for more technical articles and other things about our planet.